Archive for the 'Climate Change' Category
An update from the International Anti-Corruption Conference.
At the start of the international climate conference in Cancun, the international anti-corruption movement is weighing into the debate on how to shape a new global treaty and deliver effective climate financing to developing countries.
Issues of transparency and accountability have long been a source of contention, and a barrier to progress, in the UN-led climate negotiations. Disagreement between developed and developing countries over how to make actions and policies taken by countries robust and comparable has undermined the trust essential for effective global cooperation to halt rising temperatures. More recently, the issue of climate financing has become a bone of contention, with developing countries questioning whether the money pledged by industrialized countries is new, or simply diverted development aid.
Last month in Bangkok, Transparency International organized the 14th International Anti-Corruption Conference (IACC), which focused in part on the the transparency and corruption challenges associated with climate policy, climate finance for mitigation and adaptation, and carbon markets. WRI prepared the IACC background document on climate change and corruption and has been advising Transparency International on the 2010 Global Corruption Report, which also take climate change and corruption as its theme.
Here are some of the inspiring quotes from the 14th IACC. If they move you to find out more about each session, just click on the links to explore further.
“Asia must embrace the principle of inclusive growth, brining more people into the circle of opportunity that growth and development provides”
Haruhiko Kuroda, President of the Asian Development Bank
“Without civil society and without the people, from the grassroots up, anti-corruption agencies will not be able to operate efficiently.”
Juree Vichit-Vadakan, Secretary General, Transparency Thailand
Corruption, Peace and Security
Read the plenary transcript here
“Corruption fuels many of today’s gravest risks to security, from nuclear proliferation, to terrorism, to organized crime”
Melinda Crane, Deutsche Welle
“There is simply no alternative… to a really coordinated international effort based on cooperation; to enforce international mechanisms; to provide financial, institutional support when its needed; and of course it was to promote an anti-corruption culture, based on integrity and accountability.”
Gareth Evans, President Emeritus of the Brussels-based International Crisis Group
“We need to create development policies, combat corruption and combat organized crime, from a human rights perspective, in which we take into account the dignity of individuals, their autonomy and their rights.”
Magdalena Sepulveda, Independent Expert on Human Rights and Extreme Poverty for the Office of the UN High Commission of Human Rights; Director of Research, International Council on Human Rights Policy
“Customs could be a leading showcase for good governance because of its critical role in facilitating trade, a viable source of poverty reduction in line with the Millennium Development Goals. Also it plays a critical role in protecting society at borders.”
Kunio Mikuriya, Secretary General of the World Customs Organization (WCO)
Fuelling Transparency & Accountability in the Natural Resources & Energy Markets Plenary
“Transparency is an absolutely critical component of maximizing the long-term economic benefit for the resource-producing country.”
Karin Lissakers, Director General, Revenue Watch Institute
“Most of my experience has been with real people on the ground, the village housewife of third world countries, the farmer, the fisherperson. And these are the people that face the actual cutting edge of corruption.”
Arvind Ganesan, Director, Business and Human Rights, Human Rights Watch
“The important thing is to maintain a consensus between the magical triangle as I call it, of government, civil society and private sector, at every level.”
Peter Eigen, Chairman of Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
“There has to be strong enforcement. In order for that to happen, you need what is called political will, and in order for political will to happen, you need strong public opinion.”
Ashok Khosla – President of the International Union for Conservation of Nature
Climate Governance: Ensuring a Collective Commitment Plenary
“When one considers climate governance, one must address both the national and international levels. At national level climate finance must be applied in a way which respects and promotes the full enjoyment of human rights.”
Iruthisham Adam, Ambassador /Permanent Representative of Maldives to the United Nations Offices at Geneva & WTO
“We need to invest in building local civil society to be able to hold institutions accountable”
Manish Bapna, Managing Director, World Resources Institute
“It’s essential that we move away from this industrial paradigm and put in a system where the 1.6 billion people that depend in some degree or other on the world’s forests have a major role in the reform and benefit directly from the funding that comes from it.”
Patrick Alley, Founder and Director, Global Witness
“We need strong whistleblower protections at all levels where climate finance is taking place.”
Daphne Whysham, Fellow and Board Member, Institute for Policy Studies
Strengthening Global Action for an Accountable Corporate World
“It’s the intersection between private and public that …corruption notoriously does most of its dirty work. It’s also in this public stroke private space that the fight against corruption can usefully be waged.”
Timothy Large, Thomson Reuters Foundation
“The next task is pulling together good public procurement, good public integrity programmes, good corporate education, corporate audits along with a good domestic and foreign anti-bribery programme.”
Richard Boucher Deputy Secretary General, Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development
“In voluntary compliance, the society… works together and puts a core value that surrounds itself on the basis of integrity and transparency; people voluntary comply with what is considered right.”
Minister Idris Jala Minister in the Malaysian Prime Minister’s Office
“Corruption lurks in shadows and behind closed doors and across borders. Capital and money moves much more easily internationally than evidence does”
Mark F. Mendelsohn Former Deputy Chief, U.S Department of Justice
“Corruption is not as yet entrenched in most African countries: as such there’s still the opportunity to bring about effective reforms and perhaps entrench anti-corruption policies and initiatives into the fabric of African countries.”
Mary Boakye, SNR Denton, Africa Financial Markets group head
The ending of a war may not necessarily mean the finale to all its problems for post conflict nations, which are trying to pick up the pieces after a bloody battle. As one crisis after another continues to take toll on some of these nations, yet another fresh crisis is enveloping them – their vulnerability to organized crime.
We had the pleasure of talking to Dimitri Vlassis, Chief of the Corruption and Economic Crime Branch at the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, during a meeting with the social media unit held on the sidelines of the 14th IACC. He conceded that post conflict nations are absolutely more vulnerable to organized crime. “Organized crime develops, if not already present, it evolves and thrives by absorbing elements of the combatants.”
Citing an example, despite the irony of it, Vlassis shared an experience of a particular post conflict nation, where a local group had begun to rent out an armored tank on a daily basis for anyone who wanted to use it for any purpose.
Vlassis in discussion with the IACC Young Journalists